Infertility is a complex and emotionally challenging journey that affects millions of individuals and couples worldwide. While primary infertility, the inability to conceive after a year of regular, unprotected intercourse, is widely discussed, secondary infertility is a lesser-known but equally important aspect of fertility struggles. This extensive guide will delve into the world of secondary infertility, exploring its causes, diagnosis, and treatment options. Neo Fertility Clinic in Bangalore is committed to providing support and specialized care for individuals experiencing secondary infertility.

Understanding Secondary Infertility

Secondary infertility is described as the inability to conceive or bring a pregnancy to term after one or more biological children have been born successfully. It can be a perplexing and distressing experience for couples who have previously had no trouble conceiving.

Common Causes of Secondary Infertility

Several factors can contribute to secondary infertility. It's essential to recognise that the causes may differ from those of primary infertility. Common factors include:

1. Age

Age plays a significant role in fertility for both men and women. As individuals age, the quality and quantity of their eggs and sperm may decrease, affecting fertility.

2. Changes in Health

Weight gain or loss, hormonal imbalances, or chronic health concerns can all have an impact on fertility. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and endometriosis can develop or worsen over time.

3. Male Factors

Male infertility can also be a contributing factor. Changes in sperm quality or quantity may affect the ability to conceive.

4. Uterine Abnormalities

Uterine conditions, such as fibroids or polyps, can develop or grow more prominent after a previous pregnancy, interfering with implantation.

5. Fallopian Tube Issues

A comprehensive physical examination, including a pelvic exam, may be performed to detect any medical issues that may affect fertility.

Diagnosing Secondary Infertility

If you are experiencing secondary infertility, seeking a comprehensive evaluation by a fertility specialist is crucial. The diagnostic process may include:
  1. Medical History: A detailed review of your medical history and any changes in your health or lifestyle since your last pregnancy.
  2. Physical Examination: To uncover any medical abnormalities that may influence fertility, a full physical examination, including a pelvic exam, may be undertaken.
  3. Testing: Various tests, such as blood tests to assess hormone levels, ultrasound to examine the ovaries and uterus, and semen analysis for male partners, can provide valuable insights.
  4. Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): This imaging test can help identify uterine or fallopian tube abnormalities.
  5. Laparoscopy: In some cases, a minimally invasive surgical procedure called laparoscopy may be performed to assess the pelvic organs directly.

Treatment Options for Secondary Infertility

The treatment approach for secondary infertility will depend on the underlying causes identified during the diagnostic process. Standard treatment options include:

Lifestyle Modifications

Making good lifestyle choices, such as eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, managing stress, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol, can all have a favourable impact on fertility.

Ovulation Induction

Medications may be prescribed to stimulate ovulation, especially if irregular menstrual cycles are a contributing factor.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)

IUI involves placing washed and prepared sperm directly into the uterus, increasing the chances of fertilisation.

In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)

IVF may be recommended if other treatments are unsuccessful. It entails extracting eggs, fertilising them in a laboratory using sperm, and putting the resulting embryos into the uterus.


Surgical procedures, such as laparoscopy to remove uterine fibroids or repair fallopian tube blockages, may sometimes be necessary.

Emotional Support

Experiencing secondary infertility can be emotionally challenging, as couples may grapple with feelings of guilt, frustration, and confusion. Seeking emotional support through counselling or support groups can provide valuable coping strategies.


Secondary infertility is a unique and often unexpected journey. It can be emotionally taxing, but it's essential to remember that support and specialised care are available. The Neo Fertility Clinic in Bangalore is committed to assisting individuals and couples in navigating the complications of secondary infertility. Our team of experienced fertility specialists provides comprehensive evaluations, personalised treatment plans, and compassionate support to guide you on your path to parenthood. If you are facing secondary infertility and seeking infertility treatment in Bangalore, please don't hesitate to contact Neo Fertility Clinic at 7337761236. We are here to provide you with the expert care and support you need to overcome secondary infertility and achieve your dream of expanding your family.